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For what reason is FGM performed?

For what reason is FGM performed?

Psychosexual reasons: FGM is carried out as a way to control women’s sexuality, which is sometimes said to be insatiable if parts of the genitalia, especially the clitoris, are not removed. It is thought to ensure virginity before marriage and fidelity afterward, and to increase male sexual pleasure.

What is the difference between circumcision and FGM?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but there’s no medical reason for this to be done. It’s also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms, such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others.

What is FGM and what do teachers need to do?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an act of child abuse and violence against women. Teachers are required to report to the police “known” cases of FGM in under-18s which they identify in the course of their professional work.

What countries is FGM illegal in?

Laws by country

Country Criminalised Since
Uganda Specific anti-FGM law : 22
United Arab Emirates No
United Kingdom Specific anti-FGM law : 26 1985
United States Federal anti-FGM law Specific bans in 40 states 96–18, 2021

Is FGM taught in primary schools?

“From September 2020, as part of the new relationships and sex education curriculum, all children will be taught that FGM is a criminal offence and about the emotional and physical damage it causes.

Is FGM done in hospitals?

Most commonly, FGM/C is carried out by traditional practitioners. In recent years, however, we have seen a trend moving it away from villages and homes, where it has usually been done, and into hospitals, clinics, and private offices.

Why do guys get their foreskin removed?

Sometimes there’s a medical need for circumcision, such as when the foreskin is too tight to be pulled back (retracted) over the glans. In other cases, particularly in parts of Africa, circumcision is recommended for older boys or men to reduce the risk of certain sexually transmitted infections.

What age should FGM be taught?

We suggest it is taught in Year 7, because although the procedure is performed at a variety of ages, it can be carried out on adolescent girls. For further background information, please see Talk about FGM (female genital mutilation) (pp 11, 12).