What is the purpose of a gingival graft?
Gingival Grafting, also called gum grafting, is a procedure used to thicken your gingiva and, in some cases, to cover recession under your teeth. This procedure is used for a variety of reasons including reinforcing your gums and teeth and for patients that have sensitivity due to recession.
What is autogenous connective tissue graft?
Autogenous Graft Procedures This is the most common method used to treat root exposure. During the procedure, a flap of gum is cut at the roof of your mouth (palate) and tissue from under the flap, called subepithelial connective tissue, is removed and then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root.
How is thickness of gingiva measured?
Methods to determine gingival thickness The gingival thickness can be assessed by the direct method,6 Probe transparency (TRAN) method,7 Ultrasonic devices8 and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans. In the direct method, the tissue thickness is measured using a periodontal probe.
How do you reduce swelling after a gum graft?
To minimize swelling, place an ice pack or cold compress against the face every 15 minutes the first 2-3 hours, then 15 minutes every hour over the next 24 hours. After the first 3 days, use a warm compress to reduce swelling. Try to keep head elevated for 3-4 days with an extra pillow at night.
What tissue is used for a gum graft?
Connective-tissue grafts. This is the most common method used to treat root exposure. During the procedure, a flap of skin is cut at the roof of your mouth (palate) and tissue from under the flap, called subepithelial connective tissue, is removed and then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root.
Where is the mucogingival junction?
A mucogingival junction is a feature which is located on the intraoral mucosa. The mucosa which is present on the cheeks and on the floor of the mouth is freely moveable and more fragile. In contrast, the mucosa which surrounds the teeth and is on the palate of the mouth is more firm and contains keratin (keratinized).
What is the difference between autogenous and non autogenous?
These terms are used to differentiate the source of hard or soft tissue used in the graft procedure. An autogenous graft means the tissue is harvested from the person who is also undergoing the graft procedure. A non-autogenous means the tissue is not obtained from the person who is undergoing the graft procedure.
What is the difference between free gingival graft and connective tissue graft?
Similar to a connective-tissue graft, free gingival grafts involve the use of tissue from the roof of the mouth. But instead of making a flap and removing tissue under the top layer of flesh, a small amount of tissue is removed directly from the roof of the mouth and then attached to the gum area being treated.
What is stippling in gingiva?
Stippling occurs as a result of the microscopic elevations and depressions of the surface of the gingival tissue due to the connective tissue projections within the tissue. The degree of keratinization and the prominence of stippling appear to be connected.
What is knife edge gingiva?
Healthy gingiva fills and fits each interdental space, unlike the swollen gingiva papilla seen in gingivitis or the empty interdental embrasure seen in periodontal disease. Healthy gums hold tight to each tooth in that the gingival surface narrows to a “knife-edge” thins at the free gingival margin.
Should you ice after gum graft?
Use Ice and Pain Medication Use ice packs and pain medication to manage the swelling and pain caused by the procedure. Ice should be applied in 20-minute intervals for the first 24 hours after your gum graft surgery. Ask your periodontist if over the counter or prescription anti-inflammatory medication is best for you.
Can I rinse with salt water after gum graft?
Oral Hygiene The day after surgery, the rinse should be used twice a day, after breakfast and before bed. Be sure to rinse for at least 30 seconds then expectorate. Warm salt water rinses (teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water) can be used 4-5 times a day best after meals.
What are the four types of tissue grafts?
- Dental Implant.
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
What is the difference between free gingival graft and connective-tissue graft?
What is Dentogingival Junction?
The dentogingival junction is the junction between the tooth surface and the gingival tissue. Together, the sulcular epithelium and junctional epithelium form the dentogingival junctional tissue.
What is xenograft bone?
A xenograft is a type of bone or skin graft that is taken from a donor of another species. In comparison, an allograft is a type of bone or skin graft that is taken from a donor of the same species.
What is Alloplastic graft?
Alloplastic grafting material is synthetically derived or made from natural materials. The major advantages of alloplastic bone grafts include zero risk of disease transmission and low antigenicity. Alloplastic grafting materials include hydroxyapatite, dicalcium phosphates, and bioactive ceramics.
What is the difference between FGG and CTG?
The results indicated that the FGG allows for a gain in the keratinized tissue level and the CTG allows for root coverage with decreased recession level after 16 months.