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What is the product when aldol is dehydrated?

What is the product when aldol is dehydrated?

3: Dehydration of Aldol Addition Products Form α, β-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones. A useful carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction known as the Aldol Reaction is yet another example of electrophilic substitution at the alpha carbon in enolate anions.

Does aldol condensation involve dehydration?

In aldol condensation, an enolate ion reacts with another carbonyl compound to form a conjugated enone. The process occurs in two parts: an aldol reaction, which forms an aldol product, and a dehydration reaction, which removes water to form the final product.

Why is the dehydration product favored in aldol condensation?

The dehydration of the initial Aldol products can occur, it is often favoured by the following factors: The Aldol product must still have an α-hydrogen between the carbonyl and the -OH group. Look for extended conjugated in the product (i.e. increased stability).

What is the solvent for aldol condensation?

Absolute ethanol is used as solvent in the experiment. The main difference between absolute ethanol and 95 % ethanol is that the latter one contains about 4.5 % of water.

Which product is formed by aldol condensation?

β– hydroxy aldehyde
Aldol condensation is an organic reaction in which an enolate ion reacts with carboxyl compound in order to form a β– hydroxy aldehyde or β– hydroxy ketone.

What is the condition for aldol condensation reaction?

What is aldol condensation? When aldehydes and ketones having at least one α-hydrogen are treated with dilute alkali (which act as a catalyst) they form β-hydroxy aldehydes (aldol) or β-hydroxy ketones (ketol) respectively. This reaction is known as aldol condensation.

Why is ethanol not a good solvent?

For example, polar solvents such as methanol, ethanol and acetone are miscible with water, thus not suitable for liquid-liquid extraction.

How many products are formed in aldol condensation?

four different products
What is crossed aldol condensation? Crossed aldol condensation is a variation of aldol condensation in which two dissimilar carbonyl compounds (each containing alpha hydrogens) undergo the condensation reaction together. In such reactions, up to four different products may be formed.

What is difference between Cannizzaro reaction and aldol reaction?

The difference between aldol condensation and Cannizzaro reaction is that aldol condensation is the coupling reaction while Cannizzaro reaction is redox reaction.

Why is alpha hydrogen necessary for aldol condensation?

(A) Presence of Alpha hydrogen in aldehydes and ketones is essential for aldol condensation. The alpha hydrogen atoms are acidic in nature due to the presence of electron withdrawing carbonyl group. These can be easily removed by a base and the carbanion formed is resonance stabilised.