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What is in a medical emergency kit for dental office?

What is in a medical emergency kit for dental office?

The ADA Council of Scientific Affairs names seven core drugs that belong in every emergency drug kit: oxygen, glucose, diphenhydramine, nitroglycerin, albuterol, aspirin and epinephrine. Every dental office in the United States should have these seven drugs, up-to-date, to complete its store of essential medications.

What drugs are considered standard for an emergency medical kit?


  • Aloe vera gel.
  • Calamine lotion.
  • Anti-diarrhea medication.
  • Laxative.
  • Antacids.
  • Antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine.
  • Hydrocortisone cream.
  • Cough and cold medications.

What are the three primary items needed in case of a medical emergency in the dental office?

This essential list remains the standard: Epinephrine 1:1,000 (injectable) Histamine-blocker (injectable) Oxygen with positive-pressure administration capability.

What is the most common emergency in the dental office?

Most frequent medical emergencies to occur in a dental office:

  • Acute asthma attack.
  • Angina/myocardial infarction.
  • Epileptic seizures.
  • Diabetic emergencies.
  • Allergies/hypersensitivity reactions.
  • Choking and aspiration.
  • Adrenal insufficiency.
  • Cardiac arrest.

What is the most important drug in an emergency kit?

Epinephrine represents the most important drug in the emergency kit. Though (hopefully) rarely used, it must be available for administration as soon as possible in the event of an anaphylactic reaction (see Dr. Reed’s article on page 126).

Why is an emergency kit in the dental office important?

Dental offices must be equipped to respond to medical emergencies involving both patients and employees. OSHA requires first aid supplies to be readily available in case of an employee injury, while state dental board may require specific equipment in case of a patient incident.

Which of the following drugs in a basic emergency kit is intended to be used to treat bronchospasm with asthma?

Bronchodilator treatment with nebulized albuterol (salbutamol) should be given in individuals with severe bronchospasm as an adjunctive treatment to epinephrine.

What do you do if a patient faints in a dental chair?

When dealing with a patient who has fainted or seems like they are on the verge, the dentist or hygienist should lay the person in a flat position as much as possible and elevate the person’s legs slightly. Also loosen any tight closing. This increases blood supply to the brain supplying more oxygen.

What are the 5 emergency drugs?

Emergency drugs like adrenaline, salbutamol puff, atropine, aspirin, furosemide, hydrocortisone, insulin, lidocaine, and medical oxygen were available in all ICUs, whereas amiodarone, sodium bicarbonate, glucagon, ipratropium nebulization, thiamine were not available in all ICUs.

What is the most common and least life threatening emergency in the dental office?

Vasodepressor syncope is the most common emergency seen in dental offices and comprises of approximately 53% of all emergencies.

What does 4x4x4 mean in asthma plan?

4x4x4 rule: Nationally recognised ‘First aid for asthma’. Give 4 puffs of Ventolin, take 4 breaths after each puff, wait 4 minutes, and if no improvement, keep giving 4 puffs every 4 minutes until ambulance arrives.

What is the major cause of syncope in the dental practice?

In the dental office, fear and anxiety are common causes of syncope. Neurally mediated syncope (NMS) is the most common form of fainting and a frequent reason for emergency department visits. It’s also called reflex, neurocardiogenic, vasovagal (VVS), or vasodepressor syncope.

What drugs are used in ICU?

The list below are the eight (8) most common drugs that are frequently used in emergency situations….It is very important that you know and understand what these drugs are and when to use it.

  • Adenosine.
  • Amiodarone.
  • Atropine.
  • Epinephrine.
  • Lidocaine.
  • Procainamide.
  • Sotalol.
  • Vasopressin.

What drugs are given in ICU?

Pharmacological management

Class of drug Examples
Neuroleptic agents Haloperidol; chlorpromazine
Benzodiazepines Midazolam; lorazepam; diazepam
Opioids Morphine; fentanyl; alfentanil; remifentanil
Alpha agonists Clonidine