What is an apse in a Romanesque church?
apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple.
Which structure had an apse?
An apse is occasionally found in a synagogue, e.g. Maoz Haim Synagogue. The apse is separated from the main part of the church by the transept. Smaller apses are sometimes built in locations other than the east end, especially for reliquaries or shrines of saints.
What do you mean by apse?
In architecture, an apse is a curved or rounded section at one end of a building. You’ll most often find an apse in a church. In Gothic, Romanesque, and Byzantine Christian churches, it’s very common to find a semicircular area with a vaulted ceiling, often topped by a dome, on the east side of the building.
What is an apse in architecture?
In architecture, an apse is a semi-circle that’s built into the ceiling of a building and generally situated over a focal point. Pre-Christian Roman basilicas are known for their apses, which tend to sit over the heads of magistrates. In modern-day architecture, apses are found in places of worship, most notably Christian churches.
What is Romanesque architecture?
During the 19th century, when Gothic Revival architecture was fashionable, buildings were occasionally designed in the Romanesque style.
Where is the apse located in a church?
In many churches, the apse is located on the east end of the building on the end of the hall opposite the main entry, a tradition tied to religious symbolism. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
What is an example of a Romanesque facade?
The façade of Catholic church of Saint-Pierre-le-Jeune, Strasbourg (built 1888–1893), is of a type adopted for many churches in the early 20th century. Stanford Memorial Church at Stanford University, US, is a loose interpretation of a Romanesque facade. The Smithsonian Institution Building, also known as “The Castle”.