What are 2 causes of heart disease?
Smoking. Smoking is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease.
What is the biggest contributor to heart attacks?
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of heart attacks. CHD is a condition in which the coronary arteries (the major blood vessels that supply the heart with blood) become clogged with deposits of cholesterol. These deposits are called plaques.
What causes heart damage?
Heart muscle damage can have many causes, including certain diseases, infection, heavy alcohol use, and the toxic effect of drugs, such as cocaine or some drugs used for chemotherapy. Genetic factors also can play a role. Inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis).
What are 5 ways to prevent heart disease?
Prevention Coronary heart disease
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
- Be more physically active.
- Keep to a healthy weight.
- Give up smoking.
- Reduce your alcohol consumption.
- Keep your blood pressure under control.
- Keep your diabetes under control.
- Take any prescribed medicine.
Why does poor diet cause heart disease?
FATS, OILS, AND CHOLESTEROL A diet high in saturated and trans fats causes cholesterol to build up in your arteries (blood vessels). This puts you at risk for heart attack, stroke, and other major health problems.
What is the most common cause of heart failure?
The most common conditions that can lead to heart failure are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure and previous heart attack.
Can lack of exercise cause heart disease?
Not getting enough physical activity can lead to heart disease—even for people who have no other risk factors. It can also increase the likelihood of developing other heart disease risk factors, including obesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes.
What are the top 5 heart diseases?
A List of Cardiovascular Diseases: The 5 Most Common
- Heart Attack. A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, usually tops the list of cardiovascular diseases in the United States — statistically and anecdotally.
- Heart Failure.
- Heart Valve Complications.
What diet is best for heart disease?
To optimize heart health, the American Heart Association (AHA) recommends maintaining a healthy dietary pattern that emphasizes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, skinless poultry and fish, nuts and legumes, and non-tropical vegetable oils.